We gratefully acknowledge the following sponsors who have funded our research projects.

DoD Minerva Research Initiative "Terrorism, Governance, and Development," AFOSR Award No. FA9550-09-0314.

Army Research Office (ARO), "Measuring, Understanding, and Responding to Covert Social Networks: Passive and Active Tomography," through a sub-award from Harvard University under ARO MURI Award No. W911NF-11-1-0036.

CREATE, the National Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events, at the University of Southern California, sponsored by United States Department of Homeland Security, Award No. 2007-ST-061-000001.

Hoover Institution, Support of archival research, including MALSE.

International Growth Centre, "Political Violence in Pakistan – Understanding Subnational Patterns,” Award No. RA-2010-03-008 and “Monitoring Government Monitors in Punjab, Pakistan," Award No. RA-2010-08-011.

National Bureau of Economic Research

National Science Foundation (NSF): "NetSE: Medium: Robust Socio-Technological Networks: An Inter-disciplinary Approach to Theoretical Foundation and Experimentation," Award No. CNS-0905086 and “Governance, Development and Political Violence Workshop,” Award No. BCS-0904966.


USAID Development Innovation Ventures, “Measuring the Impact of Election Monitoring on Ballot Fraud and on Government Legitimacy in Afghanistan," Award No. M-OAA-GRO-G-00059.

United States Institute of Peace

Please note: Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect views of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), Army Research Office (ARO), United States Department of Defense (DoD), United States Department of Homeland Security, or any organization referenced in the ESOC website.