The Future of Conflict in Mining
The case of DRC—and evidence from other countries—suggests a different connection between minerals and violent conflict. It is not the abundance of opportunities to loot off artisanal miners that led to violence, but the lack of opportunities for artisanal miners to earn a livelihood. Local incidents of violence are common in and around mining sites in the DRC and beyond. Yet, some companies appear to perform better in terms of preventing violence than others running very comparable sites.