The BFRS Political Violence in Pakistan Dataset

Data Type
Event Data
Political Data
Year Covered


The BFRS Dataset contains incident-level data on political violence in Pakistan from January 1988 to December 2010 based on press reporting. The downloadable file contains the codebook, some health warnings for data users, the main data file coded from the Lahore edition of the Dawn, and a reliability sample coded from the Karachi edition of the Dawn. An article addressing the dataset's design, collection, and utility can be found here. Principal Investigators: Ethan Bueno de Mesquita, C. Christine Fair, Rasul Bakhsh Rais, and Jacob N. Shapiro. Research was supported by: the International Growth Centre (IGC), Award No. RA-2010-03-008; the Office of Naval Research grant #N00014-10-1-0130; and the National Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events (CREATE), at the University of Southern California, sponsored by United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Award No. 2007-ST-061-000001. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect views of DHS, IGC or ONR. Dr. Jenna Jordan led the coding team that developed the reliability sample from the Karachi edition.

Single Country

Version of Data set

Version 1
Level of Detail

BFRS codes a broad range of information on 28,731 incidents of political violence from January 1, 1988 through May 2011. For each incident we record the location, consequences, cause, type of violence, and party responsible as specifically as possible.